logo
download-banner.titledownload-banner.review-count
download-banner.score
download-banner.desc
logo
share button
Menstruation (Period)

Menstruation (Period)

It's not a curse, not a shame, just a period.

3min
Menstruation (Period)

Objectives

About half of the human race goes through menstruation during their reproductive years. On average, menstruation starts in the early teen years and finishes in the early 50’s, in their early teens and reach menopause in their early 50s, during which individuals go through approximately 400 to 500 menstrual cycles. Hence, they spend about seven years of their life bleeding. This is by no means a small amount of time. Learn what is going on in our bodies during menstruation so that you can stay safe and healthy during this period.

A normal physiological phenomenon, not “the curse”

✔️ Menses, Period, or That Time of the Month

During reproductive years, the regular rise of certain hormones thickens the uterine lining to prepare it for embryo implantation. If pregnancy does not occur, the thickened lining of your uterus is shed spontaneously, which is called menstruation.

In everyday life, euphemisms like ‘period,’ ‘the curse,’ ‘that time of the month,’ or ‘mother nature’s gift’ are widely used. It is associated with cultural shaming and a taboo on the natural physiological phenomenon. However, it is never something to be ashamed of or kept hidden. There's no reason to be afraid of the accurate word: Menstruation.

✔️ What Causes Menstruation?

The body of a menstruating person prepares for pregnancy, typically with a regular cycle. The uterine lining grows thick and sturdy so that a fertilized egg can be implanted successfully. One of the ovaries releases its egg, which is called ovulation. The egg attempts to attach itself to the uterine wall.

If the egg has not been fertilized or implantation does not occur, the body starts to break down the thick and unnecessary uterine lining. The uterine lining is then shed through the vagina comprising of blood, mucus, vaginal secretions and endometrial tissue.

✔️ Normal Menstruation

Everyone experiences menstruation in their unique way. The characteristics of menstruation that are considered medically ‘normal’ are as follows:

  • Menarche and menopause

The average age of menarche globally is 12. However, menarche may occur earlier or later depending on one’s physical development, nutritional status, the amount of exercise they get, and psychological and environmental factors.

The average age of menopause in average age of menopause globally is 51, and most reach it between 50 - 54. The timing of menopause also varies depending on factors like weight, amount of exercise, marital status, and health habits.

  • Menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle is known to be 28 days long on average, but most menstruating people have their own cycles. Menstrual cycles normally range from about 25 to 36 days. (From the first day of one menstruation to the first day of the next menstruation)

Bleeding on average lasts 3 - 5 days; It’s totally normal to menstruate for up to 3 - 7 days.

💡
Ten out of a hundred! Only 10 - 15% of menstruating people have cycles of exactly 28 days. More than 20% have irregular menstrual cycles, which are longer or shorter than the normal range. The body is not a clock and everyone is different.

  • Blood loss

The average person loses 35㎖ of blood during menstruation; It is normal to lose 10 - 80㎖. This average is enough to fill five menstrual pads a day, though not to the level of soaking. The volume varies greatly from person to person.

✔️ What If You Have Any Menstrual Problems?

You cannot always have perfectly regular cycles. However, if your menstruation changes dramatically or becomes irregular, it may be a symptom of a larger health problem. If you notice any unusual signs in your body, seek expert advice.

  • Amenorrhea

☑️ Absence of menstruation for 6 months or longer

When one doesn’t reach menarche before age 15, it’s called ‘primary amenorrhea.’ The absence of menstruation for 6 months or longer by someone who has had menstruation is called ‘secondary amenorrhea.’ The leading causes of secondary amenorrhea are as follows:

- Pregnancy - Breastfeeding

- Stress - Undernourishment

- Hormonal imbalance - Uterine or ovarian problems

  • Hypomenorrhea

☑️ Significantly less bleeding than average; Menstruation lasting a couple of days or less

Leading causes are as follows:

- Underdeveloped uterus - Uterine atrophy

- Low endometrial receptivity - Ovarian insufficiency

  • Menorrhagia

☑️ Significantly heavier bleeding than average; Prolonged menstruation

Leading causes are as follows:

- Menarchal or perimenopausal hormonal imbalance

- Uterine fibroids; Intrauterine devices; Polyps; Pelvic inflammatory disease; Endometrial hyperplasia

- Cervical, endometrial, or ovarian cancer; Miscarriage

  • Abnormal uterine bleeding

☑️ Bleeding outside of one’s normal menstruation

- In early pregnancy, vaginal discharge can be bloody.

- If you bleed a lot or feel pain in your lower abdomen, it could be a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.

💡
In most cases, spotting between menstruations indicates normal ovulation bleeding. However, if the amount or consistency seem abnormal, you should consult with a doctor.

Summaries

  • Menstruation is a normal and common physiological process
  • Menstruation can be irregular, and there are huge individual differences
  • Seek medical advice if you experience any noticeable changes or pain in your menstruation

Expert Advice
“It’s time to dump the idea
that menstruation is dirty.
It’s blood and tissue that you ended up
not using to feed a baby, and that’s all.”
(Kate Clancy, associate professor of anthropology at the University of Illinois)
Caution
References
나의 월경주기는?

  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기

    댓글이 생겼네요?

    2021.04.12좋아요9
    • user thumbnale
      숨어있는 자기 1

      🖤🖤🖤

      2021.04.12좋아요2
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 1

    그림 귀엽다💙💜

    2021.04.12좋아요3
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 2

    안하고 싶은데 막상 안하면 신경쓰임^^

    2022.09.10좋아요8
    • user thumbnale
      숨어있는 자기 3

      ㅇㄱㄹㅇㅠㅠ 이 생각하면 다음날인가 꼭 바로 해ㅋㅋㅋ 몸뚱아리 진짜 웃겨 증맬

      2022.09.10좋아요5
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 4

    탐폰으로 바꾸고 나서 삶의 질이 달라짐

    2022.09.10좋아요2
  • user thumbnale
    뜨거운 고독

    👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻

    2022.09.12좋아요3
  • user thumbnale
    보송보송 기운

    굿굿

    2022.09.12좋아요2
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 5

    오호🌟

    2022.09.15좋아요2
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 6

    우와

    2022.09.16좋아요2
  • user thumbnale
    포동포동 제로콜라

    월경이 아니라 정혈

    2023.02.07좋아요2
  • user thumbnale
    하늘색 영혼

    평생 동안 7년을 한다니... ㅎㅎㅎㅎㅎㅎ 너무 괴롭다!!!

    2023.03.11좋아요1
  • user thumbnale
    도전하는 블랙홀

    유익한 정보네여!

    2023.04.15좋아요1
  • user thumbnale
    우와 눈꽃송이

    귀여웤ㅋㅋㅋ 다들 병아리같아!

    2023.05.05좋아요1
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 7

    👀👍✨️

    2023.05.27좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 8

    😮

    2023.06.09좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 9

    생리라는 표현이 왜 월경의 완곡한 표현인지 궁금해요..!

    2023.07.03좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    비싼 갈색머리

    굿굿!!!

    2023.08.04좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    중요한 카피바라

    2023.08.25좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    듣는 꽃사슴

    😀

    2023.09.02좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    별이뜨는 북극곰

    2023.09.08좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    미지근한 우주선

    👍

    2023.09.10좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 10

    🤩

    2023.12.18좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    소통하는 아기악어

    오홋

    2023.12.25좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 11

    2024.02.23좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 12

    굳굳굳

    2024.05.07좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 13

    오오

    2024.05.28좋아요0
  • user thumbnale
    숨어있는 자기 14

    오오😀

    1일 전좋아요0
Related Content